Wide Interoperability and new governance moDels for freight Exchange linking Regions through Multimodal maritime based cOrridorS
Activity 2 - MoS prospective study & Corridors Governance Dimensions


“MoS  are  the  framework  for  the  development  of  actions  covering  maritime  transport/ports  and  favouring their integration in the global transport chain. In the new TEN -T Guidelines, MoS  are part of the Core Network and link into the Comprehensive Network. They constitute an invisible but fully available transport corridor covering  all  of  the  EU’s  coastal  areas  and  will  therefore  be  a  key  infrastructure  implementation  tool  in  the deployment and operation of the Comprehensive and Core Networks”- (EU coordinator report on MoS 2012).

In order to contribute to the overall objective of establishing an effective link between MoS and TEN -T core network  corridors  in  the  framework  of  the  corridors  governance  model  included  in  the  new  TEN  –  T regulation, the aim of the activity is to a deliver a MoS Prospective Study on 2020 and to further analyse some key critical dimensions linked to the TEN-T corridors governance model. This will be realized via a participatory approach, using a large Stakeholders Group together with a specific Member States Panel working as a think tank for the future development of MoS and of its relation with the governance of core network corridors.

The activity is divided in several implementation steps.

  • MoS Prospective study
  • Governance dimensions and critical issues, with a road map to overcome them


MoS Prospective study:

After involving major Stakeholders, the project will develop a MoS Prospective study. The aim  is  to  deliver  a  MoS  Prospective  Study  setting  up  the  main  strategic  line  of  directions  for  MoS  between 2015 and 2020, linked to the new  governance corridors dimensions and assessing the potential of MoS as the 10th Corridor and the maritime dimension of TEN-T.

It will specifically cover some MoS deployment issues as underlined in the 2012 EU Coordinator report on MoS: application of ICT, clustering of ports and development of corridors paying attention to the regional aspect, European internal market and logistic chains, as well as external trade.

Treating MoS as the 10th Corridor the study will analyse the potential of MoS as an implementation tool  for the core network,  defining how MoS could support studies (both masterplan style and the preliminary or final design  type),  pilot  actions,  integration  of  intelligent  infrastructure,  support  to  start-up  services  and  the deployment  of  innovative  technologies  on  ships,  clarifying  the  limits  and  types  of  incentive  available to combine funding sources on MoS global projects, in order optimise use of available funding; the study will also clarify the MoS role in unifying the Core and Comprehensive Network.

The study will also investigate the role of MoS as a framework to foster multi-modality and an opportunity to pilot innovative solutions in order to support strategies for greening transport and the competitiveness of EU the industry.

The study will also take into account that MoS are not:

  • a third  planning  layer:  MoS  linked  to  core  network  corridors  is  an  instrument  to  facilitate  the implementation  of  the  core  network  but  are  not  an  additional  planning  layer  on  top  of  the  core network.  The  TEN-T  Guidelines  propose  a  set  of  tools  which  may  help  to  facilitate  and  streamline project implementation in a coordinated way but which do not need to be applied at any cost if other approaches lead to the same, or even better, results.
  • an administrative burden: the tools are intended to facilitate action and save resources rather than to create additional burdens. The corridor approach is a flexible instrument, and the different tools involved will be used depending on the concrete situation at stake.
  • a violation  of  the  subsidiarity  principle:  The  corridor  approach  aims  at  facilitating  cooperation between  Member  States  and  other  actors  involved.  The Commission  does  not  intend  to  take  any action which goes beyond this remit and interferes with sovereign responsibilities at national level.

The  analysis,  realised  in  two  steps  (MoS  prospective  options  and  MoS  Prospective  Study  on  2020  both including Stakeholders Forum Results), will result in defining priorities for MoS development in 2020 and will include the collection of data linked to MoS, core ports and related core corridors that will be publicly available in a geo-located approach.

Governance dimensions and critical issues:

“The multiplicity of challenges and the complexity of the corridor concept reinforced by multi-modal and crossborder aspects need to be adequately addressed through adapted managerial structures. A corridor needs to be endowed with a multi-level management structure that will involve all the concerned stakeholders at the appropriate level. Therefore, different management levels have to be defined and applied in line with technical, operational, financial and political requirements. The efficient and effective coordination among the different levels, which is key to success of the whole concept, needs to be demonstrated.”

Many  problems  related  to  a  corridor  can  be  traced  to  the  lack  of  an  appropriate  governance  structure  to coordinate  the  many  interventions  focused  on  removing  obstacles  hindering  the  efficient  flow  along  the corridor.  Management  institutions  are  instrumental  in  facilitating  a  dialogue  between  corridor  stakeholders and harmonizing procedures and documentation used in transport operations along the corridor, resulting in reduced transit times and costs.  Similarly, the operational concepts and practices that will be applied to the corridor  need  to  ensure  uniform  implementation  of  legislation  across  the  corridor  with  a  particular  view  to optimise the environmental performance of freight transport.

The  specific  Governance  dimensions  that  will  be  discussed  in  specific  project  activities  with  the  related leaderships are:

  1. Customs procedures

Several aspects will be considered:

  • the definition  of  KPI  of  an  automated  and  integrated  customs  corridor  aiming  at  the  common objectives  to  increase  operational  efficiency,  reduce  transit  time  and  increase  safety,  security  and monitoring opportunities
  • opportunity of  innovation  from  technological  point  of  view,  service  innovations  (stake holder  needs among logistic chain) and opportunities introduced from new laws and rules
  • regulatory constraints  (considering  first  of  all  the  Modernised  Customs  Code  and  new  Customs Regulations), external limits
  • the use  of  the  “e-Seal”  exploiting  the  work  already  done  inside  EU  within  the  EU -Joint  Research Center in order to define  a potential standard inside EU but  interoperable  with extra EU experiences and standards.


  1. Connections between  core  and  comprehensive  networks  and  TEN-T  corridors

The analysis of this component will deepen how core corridors and key nodes of the core network should be connected with the comprehensive network and in particular how ports and border crossing points  should be connected to neighbouring networks and countries.

  1. Multimodal Green Corridors

The analysis of this component will address "Greening" objectives as an integral part of corridor development strategies  (with  a  view  to  progressively  shaping  a  corridor  planning  methodology  with  an  in-built  greening concept), thus aiming at   identifying  measures  for  "green  corridor  development"  (including  inter  alia  new technologies,  intelligent  transport  systems,  transhipment  technologies,  bottleneck  removal,  service optimization,  ecological  projects)  along  concrete  multi -modal  corridors  and  assessing  the  role  of  MoS establishing the basis for their further extensions.

  1. Logistics processes operations and systems on corridors

The analysis of this component will move from the main findings of previous projects (e.g. E-freight, Miele), analyzing  the  future  steps  of  implementation  of  next  Generation  Single  Windows  (Corridor  Management Platforms)  for  cargo  and  traffic  monitoring  irrespectively  of  mode,  supporting  cooperation  between  logistic actors and administrations with the following specific goals:

- to enable transport users (shippers, freight  forwarders,  etc) to identify and use direct  or combined transport services most suited for their purpose;

-  to  achieve  efficient  use  of  the  different  transport  modes  on  their  own  and  in  combination  (co modality),  providing  transport  chain  management  solutions  assisting  transport  actors  to  establish  common end-to-end processes incorporating regulations compliance and ‘intelligent’ monitoring and control;

-  to  simplify  and  harmonize  regulatory  requirements  across  modes  and  EU  Member  States,  as  a prerequisite for the development of a European network of integrated transport chains, linking road, rail and waterborne resources in an optimum way.

Activities will be focused on the interaction between beneficiaries and stakeholders background and baseline documents will be prepared and discussed with specific stakeholders resulting in 4 reports collecting the 10 most critical issues for TEN-T Multimodal Corridors Governance in relation to the defined 4 dimensions.

For each of the 4 components, WiderMos will elaborate a draft version of a Road Map aimed at suggesting strategies and actions in order to overcome the 10 critical issues. Those drafts will be publicly published for a larger web consultation that will end in a specific seminar for each component that will be used to finalise the Road Maps, supporting the future implementation of the TEN-T priority corridors governance.